Still: "The Conformist" - 1970, DoP Vittorio Storaro

ROLES

DoP/ DP
Director of Photography, what I am training to be. The person responsible for the look of the piece being made and for the visual representation of the director's interpretation of the script. This is a 'Head of Department' role.

1st AC
Or 'Focus Puller'. Stands for Assistant Camera. Very senior role, responsible for all technical aspects of the camera's use, including focus for all footage.

2nd AC
Or 'Clapper Loader', 2nd Assistant Camera. Loads the medium into the camera, sets actor's marks,  fully technical camera assists the 1st. Operates clapper board.

Clapper board

Clapper board

GAFFER
Head electrician. Responsible for working with the DP to light the scenes according to the DP's vision of the director's interpretation of the script.

Best Boy
First in line after the gaffer, ensures that all of the necessary lighting kit is available as needed on set to fit all of the Gaffer's requirements.

Key Grip
Head of Department role. Works alongside the DP, working to move the camera through space via a series of cranes, dollies, sliders and tracks. One of the more physically demanding roles on set. Grips train up to various levels via official training. Specialist field. Union affiliated. Read more via the BECTU site here.

KIT

Magliner
Large industry-standard double level trolley for camera and lens storage and transportation.

Lemo
A co-axial cable connector referred to by the manufacturer name but used to refer to a specific type of power connector, often I have seen '2 pin' used on set to connect battery power to mobile monitor units. Read more about them here on wikipedia.

B and C/ BNC
Actually a trade name for the connectors used, however this term is used to refer to the cable that runs image of what's being shot to various people on set. Difficult to handle and notoriously glitch-ridden.

D-Tap
D shaped male/female connector used to transfer power to various camera department detritus, including the camera 'brain' and on board monitors from batteries.

Monitor
Simply put, a screen on which video of what's being filmed is shown. Used for various people on set, and in varying sizes  usually 5 to 17 inches.

Monitor

Monitor

XLR
Electrical connector, again used extensively to convert power to various other cables and into kit. Can be several pins and is male/ female. Read more about them on wikipedia here.

 

TERMINOLOGY

Soap-on-a-rope
'Crafted' tape holders used by 2nd AC's to carry multicoloured tapes around set for general use. You'll often see a set of paper tapes separate.

Soap-on-a-rope

Soap-on-a-rope

INT./ EXT.
Simply put, stands for interior or exterior. As opposed to "Internal/ External" as I previously (mistakenly had thought) and refers to whether a shot is planned to be inside or outside.

Exterior shot

Exterior shot

Call Sheet
Reference sheet sent out to all crew at wrap each night. At-a-glance indicator of various important information for each day including amongst other things, important filming notes, who is on screen, lunch and breakfast times, scene references for the day and important surplus notes, like stunts or vfx requirements each day. Indispensable.

Top chop
Lens mounted top shade used to prevent flare into the camera. Often used in place of full 4 piece barn doors.

OTHER

Artic/ Arctic
The name given to the towed trailers that the cast are travelled and reseted in when not on set. Abbreviated from articulated vehicle.

Low-boy
Manually transportable stand used by video and electrical departments to hold equipment at a height. 

Groundsheet
Standard camping gear, used to cover magliners from inclement weather conditions.

Crew Flu
The colloquial name given to the sickness that often ails entire crews at a time.

KBS
Another colloquial reference, this time indicates the hurry that accompanies the desperation of trying to get a lot done in a short time frame. Stands for Kick-Bollock-Scramble,

Chutney

Chutney

Chutney
Colloquialism again! Most commonly refers to 'stuff'. "Get rid of the chutney". "Where's that chutney that I asked for?"

Lowboy stands

Lowboy stands